The Inca Empire The Inca Empire was a nation state that existed in South America from about 1200 until the invasion of the Spanish conquerors and the execution of Emperor Inca Atahualpa in 1533. The empire, although composed of diverse ethnic groups, was led by a political and social elite formed by the Incas.
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Greek sculptor (490 BC-430 BC). Considered the greatest Greek sculptor of the classical period, he is the creator of the Parthenon and the statues of the Greek gods. There is little information about your life and the place of your birth is uncertain. Among his early works is a bronze statue to celebrate the victory of the Greeks over the Persians at the Battle of Marathon.
James Cook - English Navigator (1728-1779). It was the first navigator to map the Antarctic shoreline. Born in Maton, Yorkshire, England, James Cook is considered one of the greatest captains of the English navy and one of the best explorers of the time of the great discoveries, begun by Christopher Columbus.
During the Renaissance, some branches of science made great strides. But scientific discoveries were not always well regarded by the authorities of the Catholic Church. Some scientists were forced to hide their experiments and inventions as they could be accused of heresy. This was the case of the Polish astronomer Nicholas Copernicus (1473 - 1543).
Paraiban politician (1865-1942). President of the Republic between July 1919 and November 1922. Epitácio Lindolfo da Silva Pessoa (23/5 / 1865-13 / 2/1942) is born in Umbuzeiro and at the age of 7 loses his parents, victims of smallpox. Descendant of large rural owners from Pernambuco, is educated by the maternal uncle, Henrique Pereira de Lucena, then governor of Pernambuco.
Gaucho military (1855-1923). He is the sixth president of the Republic and governs between 1910 and 1914. Hermes Rodrigues da Fonseca (9/5 / 1855-9 / 9/1923) is born in the city of São Gabriel, in the same family as the first president of the country, Marshal Deodoro da Fonseca , whose nephew is. He studies at the Military School, where he is a student of Benjamin Constant.
Paulista sociologist and politician (1920-1995). He is considered the founder of critical sociology in Brazil. He served two terms as a federal deputy. Florestan Fernandes (22/7 / 1920-10 / 8/1995) is born in the poor city of São Paulo, studies with difficulty and stands out for his discipline and effort. He becomes a professor at the University of São Paulo (USP) in the 40's, being removed by the military regime in 1969.
Priest and Paulista politician (1784-1843). He is the only regent of the country between 1835 and 1837, in the period of Regency, between the 1st. and the 2nd empires. Diogo Antônio Feijó (3/8 / 1784-10 / 11/1843) was born in São Paulo and was ordained priest of the Catholic Church in 1805. In 1821 he was elected deputy for the Constitutional Courts in Lisbon.
Military and political Mato Grosso (1883-1974). President of the Republic from 1946 to 1951. Eurico Gaspar Dutra (18/5 / 1883-11 / 6/1974) is born in Cuiabá, the son of José Florêncio Dutra, a modest trader and former combatant in the Paraguay War. His birth year was changed to 1885 by his father, after failing the medical exam to serve the Army in Cuiabá.
Diogo Álvares Correia (1475? -1557) is nicknamed Caramuru by the Tupinambás. Little is known about the early years of his life. The time spent in Brazilian lands is full of legends. It is found among the Tupinambás in All Saints Bay in 1531 by the expedition of Martim Afonso de Souza.
Paulista Bandeirante (1608-1681). Commander of the famous Emerald Flag. Fernão Dias Paes Leme (1608-1681) is probably born in the village of São Paulo do Piratininga, a descendant of the first settlers of the captaincy of São Vicente. From 1638 it opened the sertões of the present states of Paraná, Santa Catarina and Rio Grande do Sul, reaching Uruguay.
Gaucho politician (22/1 / 1922-). One of the leading leaders of the labor left in Brazil. Born in Carazinho, from a poor family, Leonel de Moura Brizola works as a shoe shine and lift attendant. He graduated in engineering in 1949. The following year he married Neuza Goulart, sister of João Goulart, future president of the Republic.
Gaucho military (1907-1996). Fourth President of the Republic after the 1964 military coup, he ruled between 1974 and 1979. Ernesto Geisel (3/8 / 1907-12 / 9/1996) is born in Bento Gonçalves, son of Bavarian Germans, Lutheran Protestants. He studied at the Military College of Porto Alegre, where he graduated in 1924 as the first student in the class.
Roman emperor (288-337 AD). Under his rule, the Christian faith became the official religion of the Roman Empire. Constantine became Roman emperor in 306 AD, following the death of his father, Constantius Chlorus, in York, England. He took power at a time of great internal turmoil and found a decaying empire from which even some parts of Italy wanted to disengage.
Emperor of the Mongols (1162-1227). As a warrior and conqueror, he gathered one of the greatest empires in the history of the planet. Born on the banks of the Orhon River, the son of a chieftain who ruled Mongolia from the Amur region to the Great Wall of China, Temujin succeeded his father when he was thirteen years old.
Born into a traditional family of doctors, Michel Foucault frustrated the expectations of his father, surgeon and professor of anatomy at Poitiers by becoming interested in history and philosophy. Supported by her mother, Anna Malapert, she moved to Paris in 1945 and before joining the École Normale da rue d´Um, she was a student of the philosopher Jean Hyppolite, who introduced her to Hegel's work.
Soviet Cosmonaut (9/3 / 1934-27 / 3/1968). He is the first man to man a spacecraft. Yuri Aleksevich Gagarin is born on a collective farm in Khouchino, Gjatski district, today Gagarin, Russia. The son of a carpenter, he attends a vocational school near Moscow to form a molder.
French statesman (1890-1970). He commanded the French resistance during World War II. The most important name in French political life since Napoleon Bonaparte, Charles Andre Marie Joseph de Gaulle was born in Lille, northern France, on November 22, 1890, and joined the French Military Academy in St.
English king (1028? 9/9/1087). Born in Falaise, Normandy. Illegitimate son of the Duke of Normandy, he is recognized as heir, but upon receiving the duchy, faces opposition from feudal lords and relatives, who do not accept the entry of a bastard in the family. In 1046 it faces a revolt of the nobles and, with the help of troops of the king of France, suppresses the insurrection the following year.
Italian Revolutionary (1808-1882). He led the reunification of Italy, after being fragmented for centuries in various cities. The Italian revolutionary Giuseppe Garibaldi was the man whose leadership made possible the unification of Italy for the first time since the time of the Roman emperors. Born in Nice, which is today in France, he joined the nationalist movement led by the Genoese patriot Giuseppe Mazzini (1805-1872) at the time he was about twenty years old.
Greek painter (1541-7 / 4/1614). He becomes known for paintings showing religious scenes with elongated figures, revealing great technical mastery. Domenikos Theotokopoulos, known as El Greco, is born in Cândia, later Heracleia, on the Greek island of Crete. He studies in Venice, Italy, as a disciple of Titian.