The story

Farroupilha Revolution Characters


Anita Garibaldi (1821-1849)

Brazilian heroine, born in Morrinhos, SC, then municipality of Laguna, on August 30, 1821, daughter of Bento Ribeiro de Silva and Maria Antônia de Jesus Antunes. He died in Italy on August 4, 1849. Although Anita's parents were poor, they gave her excellent education. He married in Laguna in the year 1835 with Manuel Duarte de Aguiar. When the Farroupilha Revolution came along, she left her husband and joined Giuseppe Garibaldi, who had joined her in the movement.

He fired his first cannon fire at the Battle of Laguna. Due to parental opposition, Garibaldi kidnapped her, going to settle the marriage on March 26, 1842, in Uruguay. She became a fearless companion of her husband, participating in their fighting, fought for the unification and liberation of Italy. Later he was besieged by the legalistic forces, managing to escape. His first son was born on September 16, 1840.

In 1847 Anita went to Italy taking her three children. He joined Garibaldi shortly after in Nice. Took part of the fighting of Rome; the rioters were forced to retreat on fishing boats, most of which fell into the hands of the Austrians. But what led the couple ran aground on a beach. Anita and Giuseppe with some companions took shelter in a country estate near Ravenna. Anita was significantly aggravated by typhoid fever during the fighting in Rome, and died before she was thirty. In his memory they erected several monuments in Brazil and Italy. Her maiden name: Ana Maria de Jesus Ribeiro.

General Antonio de Souza Netto (1803-1866)

General Netto rendered outstanding services to Brazil's Integrity and Sovereignty in the 1825-28 Cisplatina, 1864 Aguirre, and 1865-66 Triple Alliance against Paraguay Wars. In the Paraguayan War, in command of a Light Volunteer Cavalry Brigade, leading the Brazilian Army, at the command of Osorio, from Uruguaiana to Tuiuti.

He was among the first, along with General Osorio to set foot on the opposing ground, in Passo do Rosario, on April 16, 1866.

On May 24, 1866, at the Battle of Tuiuti, the largest pitched battle in South America, he played with his cavalrymen on horsepower horses, an important tactical function at Potrero Pires, of great significance for that victory of our weapons by containing a attempted involvement of our army.

In the Farroupilha Revolution, was the second military figure, after his great friend, the general Bento Gonçalves.

Beginning the Revolution in 1835 as captain of the National Guard, he rose, for his worth and leadership, to the rank of general of the Republic for which he fought like no one and without rest, from the first to the last day, or until the Peace of Ponche Verde, which he endorsed after which was to reside in Uruguay, as the Empire was incompatible with its ideal.

He was the greatest knight and became the greatest combat leader of the Cavalry of the Rio Grande Republic. He commanded the Liberal Brigade made up of children from the present municipalities of Piratini, Canguçu, Pedro Osorio, Pinheiro Machado and Bagé, until Pirai, in the Seival battle of September 10, 1836, the greatest feat of Republican weapons, which created conditions. for him to proclaim the Rio Grande Republic on September 11, 1836. In Seival he received the reinforcement of the newly created Black Lancer Corps.

Seival was an auspicious fact that rekindled the flame of hope, in an extremely adverse period to the Farroupilha Revolution, marked by frustrating defeats and the arrest of Bento Gonçalves, on the island of Fanfa, on October 4, 1836, by Bento Manuel Ribeiro.

Netto performed for a long time, until the escape of Bento Gonçalves from Bahia, the duties of Commander-in-Chief of the interim army. And, with Bento returning, to the leadership of the Revolution the functions of Chief of Staff of the Army of the Rio Grande Republic.