The story

Medieval Culture (continued)


The arts

Medieval art was also essentially religious. In the field of arts, architecture stands out, with the construction of temples, churches, monasteries and palaces.

In the architecture of the Middle Ages, two styles predominated: Romanesque and Gothic.

The Romanesque buildings (10th, 11th and 12th centuries) are characterized by round arches, low and thick walls, large columns, small windows and dimly lit interior.


Worms Cathedral, Germany, in Romanesque style.

The Gothic style buildings (late 12th to 15th centuries) are characterized by pointed arches, larger and larger windows, high walls and bright interiors.

The windows were adorned with beautiful stained glass. These were formed by small plates of colored glass, joined by lead, forming drawings and mosaics.


The color and exaltation of light in the Sainte-Chapelle rosette, Paris.

In painting, stand out the miniatures or illuminations, made to illustrate the manuscripts and murals. The murals were paintings made on the walls, usually depicting religious figures.

In sculpture, metal, ivory and stone were used. A large number of images decorated the interior of the temples.

Most works of art of the Middle Ages have no definite authorship. This is because, according to the high medieval clergy, the real author was God, who, through human beings, expressed his ideas and wishes.


Regal portal of the cathedral of Chartres in France, considered one of the most beautiful sets in Gothic style.