Geography

The continents, their countries and their main characteristics


In this section, we present a table showing the largest and smallest countries on each continent.

Also check out which countries have the highest and lowest population density and life expectancy.

Geographic extremes of continents
Continent Feature Parents Greatness
Africa Largest country in extension Sudan 2,505,813 km2
Smallest country in extent Seychelles 455 km2
Country with the highest population density Mauritius 550 inhab./km2
Country with the lowest population density Chad 0.5 inhab./km2
Country with the highest life expectancy Meeting 79 years old
Country with the lowest life expectancy Sierra Leone 33 years
Central America Largest country in extension Nicaragua 130,000km2
Smallest country in extent Grenade 344 km2
Country with the highest population density Barbados 697.6 inhab./km2
Country with the lowest population density Belize 8.6 inhab./km2
Country with the highest life expectancy Dominica 80 years
Country with the lowest life expectancy Haiti 48 years
North America Largest country in extension Canada 9,970,610 km2
Smallest country in extent Mexico 1,958,201 km2
Country with the highest population density Mexico 50.1 inhab./km2
Country with the lowest population density Canada 3.2 inhab./km2
Country with the highest life expectancy Canada 81 years old
Country with the lowest life expectancy Mexico 70 years
South America Largest country in extension Brazil 8,547,403.5 km2
Smallest country in extent Suriname 163,265 km2
Country with the highest population density Colombia 35.9 inhab./km2
Country with the lowest population density Suriname 2.5 inhab./km2
Country with the highest life expectancy Chile and Uruguay 76 years old
Country with the lowest life expectancy Bolivia 59 years old
Asia Largest country in extension Russia 12,704,097 km2
Smallest country in extent Singapore 641 km2
Country with the highest population density Singapore 3,500 inhab./km2
Country with the lowest population density Mongolia 1.5 inhab./km2
Country with the highest life expectancy Japan 83 years old
Country with the lowest life expectancy Afghanistan 43 years
Europe Largest country in extension Russia 4,371,303 km2
Smallest country in extent Vatican 0.44km2
Country with the highest population density Monaco 15,461 inhab./km2
Country with the lowest population density Iceland 3 inhab./km2
Country with the highest life expectancy France and Switzerland 82 years old
Country with the lowest life expectancy Russia 58 years old
Oceania Largest country in extension Australia 7,682,300 km2
Smallest country in extent Nauru 21.3 km2
Country with the highest population density Marshall Islands 555.6 inhab./km2
Country with the lowest population density Australia 2.4 inhab./km2
Country with the highest life expectancy Australia 81 years old
Country with the lowest life expectancy Nauru 50 years